Whip – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A whip is a tool traditionally used by humans to exert control over animals or other people, through pain compliance or fear of pain, although in some activities whips can be used without use of pain, such as an additional pressure aid in dressage. Whips are generally of two types, either a firm stick device designed to strike directly, or a flexible whip which must be swung in a specific manner to be effective, but has a longer reach. There are also whips which combine both a firm stick and a flexible line, such as hunting whips.
handmade Cowhide leather bullwhips and Kangaroo Leather Bullwhips
A whip consists of a handle section, a thong, a fall, and a cracker. The main portion of the whip’s length is made up of a braided body or thong. Made of many strips of leather, the number of braids or plaits is an important factor in the construction of the whip. The handle is usually short, being between 8 and 12 inches long which is held in the palm of the hand when cracking. Tied to the end of the flexible fall, is an even more flexible piece of string or nylon cord or wire called the cracker or the popper. The cracker functions to disperse sound so it can be heard more easily
Puttnam’s Law and the threat to the American imagination – latimes.com
Thus Puttnam’s Law: It is more acceptable to fail in conventional ways than in unconventional ways. And its corollary: The reward for succeeding in unconventional ways is less than the risk of failing in unconventional ways. In short, you can screw up with impunity so long as you screw up like everybody else.
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